While most people take prescription drugs in strict compliance with their doctors’ orders, the non-medical and recreational abuse of prescription drugs has skyrocketed in the last decade. It is estimated that roughly 20 percent of people in the U.S. have abused prescription drugs at one time or another. From narcotic painkillers and stimulants to sedatives and tranquilizers, users have found that prescription drugs are readily available, easy to procure and have less of a stigma than traditional street drugs like cocaine and heroin. In other words, the average medicine cabinet has replaced the street as the number one place to for the user to get their hands on dangerous and addictive drugs. Doctors are prescribing more drugs than ever before, and this widespread availability has led to an increase in abuse.
While potent painkillers like Vicodin and Oxycontin and stimulants such as Adderall are well known to be highly abused prescription drugs, users are looking beyond these traditional and commonly abused drugs for new and unique alternatives. In other words, once dangerous cultural phenomenon like teen pharmaceutical parties, otherwise known as skittle or salad parties, reach the mainstream media and are being reported on TV and in the newspapers, users are already looking for a new, less obvious way to get high. Butorphanol is a nasal spray and synthetic opioid used to relieve pain, and it has gained recognition and popularity amongst abusers.
How Butorphanol Works
Similar to traditional morphine, Butorphanol changes the way the body senses pain. It is in a class of medications known as opioid agonist-antagonists. When Butorphanol is used according to a doctor’s order, the liquid solution is sprayed in the nose every 3 to 4 hours and will alleviate moderate to severe pain. When the drug is abused beyond its prescribed limitations, it can be dangerous and highly addictive.
Effects and Withdrawal Symptoms of Butorphanol
Although it is synthetic, Butorphanol is just as addictive and habit forming as traditional morphine. It has become a commonly abused prescription drug because the nasal spray application is far less intrusive than an intravenous injection. Abuse of Butorphanol can easily lead to physical dependence. Furthermore, it is not uncommon to have an allergic reaction to this synthetic drug; rampant abuse can lead to hives, swelling of the face, tongue, and difficulty breathing. Other serious side effects include tremors, drowsiness, confusion, weak pulse, and an uneven heartbeat. Too much Butorphanol can be fatal.
Butorphanol is dangerous, addictive, and habit-forming. When it is abused, the user will not only have a physical dependence on the drug but an increased tolerance to it; in other words, after prolonged abuse it will take more of the drug for the user to achieve the desired effect. When Butorphanol use is abruptly discontinued, the abuser will suffer from a series of withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include, but are not limited to anxiety, agitation, cold sweats, insomnia, and hallucinations.
Detoxification and Treatment
A user struggling with Butorphanol addiction needs to seek help immediately. Just because Butorphanol is a nasal spray that can be found in a family medicine cabinet does not mean it is any less dangerous or addictive of a narcotic than traditional morphine. Under the care and guidance of a skilled physician, Best Drug Rehabilitation can help the client undergo successful detoxification. Rehab services can help put the user on the road to recovery.
According to the statistics, “Prescription drug abuse is the Nation’s fastest-growing drug problem, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has classified prescription drug abuse as an epidemic.” While Butorphanol abuse is not as well-known and mainstream as the abuse of other types of prescription drugs, it is gaining popularity and needs to be brought to people’s attention. If you or someone you know is struggling with Butorphanol addiction, treatment centers like Best Drug Rehabilitation can help.