There are thousands of species of mushrooms, but it is the Psilocybin “magic” mushrooms that are known for their hallucinogenic properties. There are more than 180 species of hallucinogenic mushrooms in the world that contain varying amounts of the substances psilocin and psilocybin, which produce a similar psychedelic experience to LSD.
Most Common Types of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms
The following are the most well-known and common varieties of hallucinogenic mushrooms.
- Psilocybe cubensis – also known as the golden cap.
- Mexican mushroom – or common large Psilocybe, is one of the biggest hallucinogenic mushrooms with a reddish-brown cap and a white or yellowish stem. This species grows on cattle dung in moist climates.
- Psilocybe baeocystis – sometimes called the blue bell or potent Psilocybe, has a dark brown cap and a brownish stem when it’s fresh. This species grows on rotting logs and peat in fields.
- Psilocybe semilanceata – or liberty bell, is found in grassy, damp fields where animals graze, but it doesn’t grow on dung. This small mushroom has a light brown or yellow cap with a fine point. This species is often confused for Psilocybe pelliculosa.
- Psilocybe pelliculosa – or the liberty cap, which does not have the narrow conical cap and is a weaker hallucinogenic.
While most hallucinogenic or psilocybin mushrooms are in the Psilocybe genus, there are many other species across several genera that contain these hallucinogenic compounds, including:
Dangers of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms
Ingesting hallucinogenic mushrooms does not cause hallucinations, but rather a distortion of perception. Taking mushrooms can cause nausea, dizziness, muscle weakness and numbness. There is also the genuine danger of consuming the wrong mushroom. Without a large amount of knowledge about identifying mushrooms, it’s easy to mistake a poisonous mushroom for a magic mushroom. While mushrooms themselves are not considered addictive, users quickly build up a tolerance, and it’s believed there may be cross-tolerance between hallucinogenic mushrooms and other drugs like mescaline.
In the United States, psilocybin mushrooms are considered a Schedule I drug under the Psychotropic Substances Act, which means they have a high abuse potential with no accepted medical use.
Recovering from Addiction
If you are having difficulty giving up mushrooms, or you have a co-dependency on other drugs and alcohol, inpatient treatment can help you. An inpatient treatment program requires living at the facility 24 hours a day. Today, drug addiction is accepted as a complex problem that involves behavioral, environmental, and even genetic factors. Inpatient treatment is designed to help you through the withdrawal stage as smoothly as possible.
The goal of inpatient treatment is helping you become a member of a therapeutic community to change your behavior and attitudes about drug use through several useful healing techniques. If you are struggling with substance abuse, self-treatment is not the solution. It’s time to consider inpatient treatment to get the help you need.