The use of anabolic steroids in men and women typically revolves around an individual wanting to get stronger and more muscular. As with any “miracle solution,” anabolic steroids come with a hefty price tag in the form of side effects. It is imperative to be properly educated on the effects of steroid use before ever attempting to begin the use of them. Side effects in men and women vary, however, there is almost always some side effect present in an individual who is using. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, approximately .5 percent of the adult population has used anabolic steroids at one point or another in their lifetime.
Masculinization and Feminization Effects of Steroid Use
One of the effects of steroid use for women is masculinization. Masculinization is the result of increased testosterone being pumped through the woman’s body. Effects that come along with masculinization include the growth of facial hair, increased growth of body hair, irritability and extreme aggressiveness.
In males, the reverse can happen, and a side effect can be feminization. Feminization in men occurs when there is an overload of testosterone, and it begins converting to estrogen, which is the female hormone. Feminization effects of steroid use in men include the growth of breast tissue, decreased sexual drive, shrinking of the testes, impotence, and muscle mass that is much softer.
Cardiovascular Issues Associated with Steroid Use
Cardiovascular issues are included in the harmful side effects of steroids that affect both men and women. The use of anabolic steroids increases the “bad cholesterol” levels in both men and women and can lead to high blood pressure, strokes, and heart disease. This increase is a common issue because the use of steroids gives an individual a sudden spike in their body weight.
Joint Effects of Steroid Use in Men and Women
Steroids cause both men and women’s pores to open up and grow large causing severe acne issues. These types of acne issues are not aided in the least by over the counter acne medicines, and to resolve the issue individual’s must most likely visit a doctor.
Steroid use in both men and women can put an extreme strain on the body’s kidneys. The strain on the kidneys results in an imbalance in the body’s electrolytes and may lead to severe lower back pain, swelling in the individual’s lower body such as legs, ankles, and feet, and a high fever.
The use of steroids in both males and females at a young age can cause the growth plate to prematurely close. If this plate closes, it will cause a young person’s growth to cease and result in stunted growth suddenly. The effects of steroid use can be particularly dangerous; however, the use of steroids in younger individuals is even more dangerous.
The use of anabolic steroids is growing in popularity, especially among the younger crowd. Steroid side effects do not discriminate among individuals. Harmful side effects can happen to both men and women. Although certain side effects of steroid use are not guaranteed, the risk is always present.