Alcohol: Stages of Intoxication
Alcohol can have a multitude of different effects upon an individual’s body and brain depending on a few different factors. Alcohol’s effects tend to be almost immediate upon a person. This is due to the fact that unlike other consumed things like food, alcohol requires no digestion. The impairment and effects experienced by a person from alcohol depend highly upon the amount of alcohol that is in their blood, called Blood Alcohol Content or BAC.
As an individual consumes higher amounts of alcohol their BAC increases, which leads to several different stages of alcohol intoxication. There are six of these stages that a person progresses through as they continue to consume alcohol. As a person drinks more and progresses through these stages, the effects experienced from alcohol become much more severe and dangerous. These stages and their included phenomena are below:
- Euphoria Stage –
Impairment of Fine Motor Skills
Flush in Face
Impairment in Concentration
- Excitement Stage –
Reaction Time Slowed
- Confusion Stage –
Pain Sense Dulled
Slurring of Speech
- Stupor Stage –
Loss of Consciousness
Cannot Stand or Walk
Not Responsive to Stimuli
- Coma Stage –
Body Temperature Lowered
Heart Rate Slowed
- Death –
When far too much alcohol is consumed, it can result in death due to respiratory arrest.
More on Blood Alcohol Content
As stated previously, Blood Alcohol Content or BAC is the amount of alcohol that is in the individual’s blood. It is codified essentially as a numerical percentage of ethanol that is in the blood. It allows for a specific numeric measurement of the alcohol that is currently in the body. These numbers can be used for many different purposes, such as medical reasons or for authorities as far as legal driving limits. For instance, it is illegal to drive in all states with a BAC of over .08, which is regardless of whether you feel “drunk” or not.
The effects of alcohol upon each individual as well as their blood alcohol content can be varied by different factors in each person as well. This includes whether they have consumed food prior to or during their alcohol consumption, being that food can help to lessen the effects of alcohol. Another factor can be body weight, which shows in the differences of alcohol’s effects between genders as well. Men often require more alcohol than women to reach the same BAC, which is due to them being generally heavier than women, as well as having a higher percentage of water per pound in their bodies. The time frame in which the alcohol was consumed also plays a large role.
When an individual continues to drink too much or too often, it can develop into an addiction. Depending upon the state of an individual’s drinking habits, it may end up requiring addiction treatment for them to handle the issue. Addiction to alcohol can be one of the most dangerous addictions to have, especially since it is one of the substances where withdrawal can possibly be deadly if detox is not done properly.
If you or a loved one are struggling with an addiction to alcohol, it is critical to seek treatment at a rehab facility as soon as possible. Alcohol addiction can be very progressive and generally gets worse over time. Addiction is unique to each person, and so therefore it is important to find a treatment center that will operate upon this fact. We recognize this here at Best Drug Rehabilitation, and that is exactly why we tailor a specific treatment program to every person. Do not wait, give us call today and we will help you or your loved one get out from under the burden of addiction.