The substances that are used and abused within our modern society are quite numerous. Some of these can be valuable for certain legitimate purposes, but others are completely illegal and used only for the recreational purpose of getting high. There are various types of drugs that people use purely for recreation, and some have been around for years, whereas others were formulated more contemporarily. One type of illegal substance that has been around for quite some time is crack cocaine. Crack entered the scene sometime in the 1980s, and it has since been one of the most used and abused illicit substances. Smoking crack is where the name comes from because of the crackling sound it makes when smoked.
The Differences Between Crack and Cocaine
Crack differs from typical cocaine in several ways. The first major difference is the form in which it comes. Regular cocaine comes in the form of a powder that people often snort, though it can also be smoked or injected, but this is less common. Crack on the other hand looks like a crystal, which is commonly referred to as a “rock.” It can be created through a few different processes, but usually involves mixing powdered cocaine with baking soda, ammonia, and water. Once the water dissolves, crack cocaine crystals will form. Crack is most frequently used by smoking the rock in a pipe, but some may also crush and snort it, or dissolve and inject it.
While crack and powdered cocaine are essentially the same base substance, they can have varying effects upon an individual. They will have some similar direct effects, but the major difference is the time it takes for these effects to manifest and how long they last. Crack typically has quicker effects upon an individual because it is usually smoked, which reaches the brain and bloodstream more rapidly. The high that it produces for a person is also generally more intense than that of its typical form, though it tends to be a shorter duration. When an individual snorts cocaine, the effects can last around 15-30 minutes, whereas crack’s effects only tend to last about 5-10 minutes.
Effects of Smoking Crack
The direct effects of smoking crack can include:
- Heightened Alertness
- Suppressed Appetite
- Pupil Dilation
- Increased Heart Rate
Being that crack can have short-lived effects, this can prompt individuals to keep smoking crack. The short-term high could result in them consuming significant amounts over time as they keep re-upping their high. It could also lead to the development of tolerance, meaning it will require larger amounts for them to experience the same desired effects. Over time, this can result in the development of physical dependence and addiction as well.
Of course, smoking crack can have a broad range of dangers and side effects, including:
- Lung Damage
- Respiratory Issues
- Increased Blood Pressure
- Racing Heart Rate (Tachycardia)
- Psychotic Symptoms
- Abdominal Pain
- Death related to Stroke or Heart Attack
Finding Help With a Drug or Alcohol Addiction
If you or a loved one are seeking help with an addiction to crack or some other type of substance, give Best Drug Rehabilitation a call today. We help thousands to find the right treatment program for their needs. We understand that every single person’s addiction is unique in a multitude of ways, and it must be addressed as such to provide the best success. Give us a call today, and one of our staff will answer any questions that you may have about our services.