Drug Rehabilitation Blog

How to Know if You or a Loved One is Addicted to Prescription Drugs

Prescription drugs may only be legally obtained with the permission of a medical professional. While many people use prescription drugs to treat their medical conditions and are able to used the medication as prescribed, often for a specified limited time frame, some people become addicted. In the case of those who become addicted to drugs they were prescribed, recognizing addiction is often more difficult than in instances in which a person obtains a drug illegally. Nevertheless, learning to recognize the signs and symptoms of prescription drug addiction may help prevent patients from transitioning to legally prescribed use of their medication into the cycle of addiction and drug abuse.

Types of Prescription Drugs Commonly Abused

While there are numerous prescription drugs that can be abused, certain types of medication have higher reported instances of misuse and addiction. Opioids and drugs that are used to treat pain and contain hydrocodone have a high potential for abuse whether prescribed to a patient or obtained the illegal means. Examples include Oxycontin and Vicodin. Drugs that are used to prevent sleep disorders, such as Ambien, or those that are prescribed to treat anxiety, like Xanax and Valium, are also commonly abused due to their sedative effect. ADHD drugs like Ritalin are examples of commonly abused prescription stimulants. Medicines that have a high potential for abuse are often labeled as such and are typically prescribed under very specific conditions and used under close doctor supervision. Nevertheless, patients who are prescribed drugs that have a higher instance of abuse should monitor their dosing carefully and discuss all concerns with their doctor.

Recognizing Behavioral Signs of Addiction

Oftentimes, a person’s friends or family members may readily recognize a change in outward behavior to signify an emerging drug addiction. For patients who were legitimately prescribed a drug, stealing, forging, or selling prescriptions are immediate signs that drug dependency has developed. If the supervising doctor has instructed the patient to cease use of a prescribed drug, unwillingness to stop taking the medication or resorting to illegal behavior to obtain future supplies of the drug are all signs that should be discussed with a healthcare professional. The patient’s doctor may be able to help ease the transition off of the drug, thereby intervening early to disrupt the emerging cycle of addiction. Similarly, repeatedly losing prescriptions or seeking prescriptions from more than one doctor may be veiled attempts at obtaining larger quantities of the drug to support the emerging habit.

Taking a larger quantity of a drug than is prescribed for a single dose is another early sign of a developing addiction. As the body builds a tolerance against the drug, a higher dose will be required to experience the desired effect. People who notice that they or their friend or family member is exceeding the recommended dose of a medication should consult the prescribing doctor. The doctor will then be able to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment and possibly prescribe an alternative medication to deter the patient from continuing the pattern of taking increasing larger doses of the prescribed drug.

Excessive mood swings, unexplained hostility, changes in sleep pattern, or appearing to be high or sedated are also signs that a loved one may have be abusing prescription drugs. As prescription drug abusers use higher doses, disruptions in their mood or typical behavior become more and more apparent as they react to the amount of the drug that is present in their bloodstream. Exact behavioral changes will vary depending on the drug in question. For example, people who abuse stimulants will appear to be more energetic than usual while those who abuse sedatives may sleep more and appear sedated when they are awake. When prescription drug abusers begin to experience withdrawal symptoms and crave more of the drug they are using, they may exhibit mood swings, irritability, and irrational behavior.

People who are addicted to prescription drugs often exhibit poor decision-making. One of the characteristics of addiction is the willingness to resort to extreme measures to obtain the drug. For many people, this could mean committing crimes, accepting drugs in exchange for sexual acts, or continuing to use the drug despite negative consequences such as strained relationship with friends and family and health consequences. Obtaining the drug becomes the most important objective for addicts; therefore, they are willing to endanger or sacrifice other aspects of their lives to obtain it. People who recognize a pattern of poor decision-making in the interest of using a drug, whether it be displayed by themselves or by someone they know, should seek help from a doctor or addiction specialist immediately.

Important Next Steps

Anyone who has concerns about their own prescription drug use habits or the habits of a friend or family member should seek medical intervention. While the issue may seem embarrassing, healthcare professionals are often very familiar with addiction and can help patients find better ways to manage their condition. Furthermore, speaking to a doctor as early as possible can help people who are at risk of developing substance abuse issues avoid many years of emotional, psychological, physical, legal, and relational damage prescription drug abuse has caused in the lives of many drug users as well as in the lives of their friends and families.

14 Comments

  • Charlotte E

    It’s so hard to admit that somebody in your family has a drug problem. But it’s so important to get help as soon as possible! Facilities like Best Drug Rehab are there to help!

  • MD HUQ

    oh my god, I didnt know this things before. people can get addicted on your medicine? thank you for sharing such great article. I think i should think about this topic.

  • Robert Hawkins

    Illegal drugs are not the only drugs that can be abused.

  • Jenifer Lapinski

    This was a very informative article. Having someone addicted to drugs is a very serious matter and needs to the proper attention. I like how they said to speak with a doctor as early as possible.

  • Douglas

    Great article really helpful to Know if You or a Loved One is Addicted to Prescription Drugs
    I think behavior of the person is the most noticeable thing if s Addicted to Prescription Drugs

    thanks for the great article

  • steven rojas

    great blog, gives lots of information on things i had no idea on. if you think your loved one might have a addiction read this article

  • ava taylor

    yeah!!! An informative and inspiring article…No doubt on saying that like type of article create awareness in the society…We can find the addicted person and provide them some solutions….Great article…loved it a lot

  • Foquandra Brown

    This was really eye opening. I have many family member who are on prescription drugs, and it helps to know if they are an addict or not

  • mj brayton

    Prescription drug abuse and addiction are serious medical conditions that require treatment by chemical dependency specialists. Thanks for providing the information.

  • Don Naman

    Very helpful information. I have suspected that someone I love is using prescription drugs, I will be more aware of the signs. Then comes the intervention.

  • Meen N

    I was not aware of the fact that the prescribed drugs if used in excess will lead to drug addiction. Does the common pain killer like Ibuprofen will also cause addiction? If somebody takes Ibuprofen every week as a pain killer, will it be harmful to them?

  • Salma Tores

    Sometimes it can be very obvious when someone is abusing prescription drugs. I have been around those who have and the most common thing I saw was the person “not being there”, or just spacing out. Others start to hallucinate and hear things that are not there.

  • Didi Smith

    It’s good to know what to look for if you think one of your friends or loved ones has an addiction problem. Sometimes it’s hard to tell, especially in the beginning stages. But that is where you would want to see it as the sooner you get the person help, the easier it will be for them to get sober. Keeping in mind these points and how they would manifest themselves gives you the ability to help the person and get them into a good rehab center where they can recover from their addiction. I will definitely use this article so I’m able to spot when someone I know is suffering.

  • carcol

    I guess the this is the major question – how do you know. I would say that addiction to something is when you have a substance that you take that you just can’t live without. And I have seen a lot of people who have been prescribed drugs by their doctors that they have been taking for years and they can’t stop. The drugs are so much a part of their lives now that not taking them causes more pain than they can bare. It seems that this should never happen. If the drug is something that someone can become addicted to, then doctors should keep track of these people and make sure that they don’t become addicted and that they get off these drugs before that happens. There are so many treatments available these days for people to use that becoming addicted to prescription drugs should not happen.

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